Энергетика. ТЭС и АЭС

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Индикаторы ЕЭС России

Частота в ЕЭС России
Генерация и потребление (час)
План генерации и потребления
Генерация и потребление (сут)
Температура в ЕЭС России

Список АЭС

Современные АЭС (Атомные электрические станции) — это предприятия, на которых действуют очень строгие меры безопасности. Поэтому угроза от АЭС населению и окружающей среде, намного меньше, чем, допустим, от химического комбината.

Более подробно о принципе действия современных аэс Вы можете почитать в нашей статье:  АЭС — принцип работы.

Ознакомиться со списком действующих в России атомных электростанций (всего их на данный момент 10 штук) Вы можете ниже.

АЭС

Факты АЭС в России

  • В нашей стране все атомные электрические станции входят в государственный концерн — ОАО «Концерн Росэнергоатом»;
  • у нас была построена первая в мире атомная электростанция, которая вырабатывала электричество в промышленных масштабах — Обнинская АЭС, её пуск состоялся  в 1954 году;
  • наша страна является одной из немногих стран, которые полностью независимы в ядерной сфере — от добычи и обогащения урана, до строительства и эксплуатации АЭС;
  • в настоящее время в России 10 действующих АЭС.

Список АЭС России

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Таблица АЭС России с типом реакторов

Станция  Блок  Тип реактора  Статус  Расположение  Номинальная
электрическая
мощность, МВт 
Дата ввода
в эксплуатацию 
Обнинская АЭС №1 АМ Выведен из эксплуатации г. Обнинск,
Калужская обл.
5 26.06.1954
Балаковская АЭС №1 ВВЭР-1000 В эксплуатации г. Балаково,
Саратовская обл.
1000 28.12.1985
№2 ВВЭР-1000 В эксплуатации 1000 08.10.1987
№3 ВВЭР-1000 В эксплуатации 1000 25.12.1988
№4 ВВЭР-1000 В эксплуатации 1000 04.11.1993
Балтийская АЭС №1 ВВЭР-1200 Сооружается г. Неман,
Калининградская обл.
1200  
№2 ВВЭР-1200 Сооружается 1200  
Белоярская АЭС №1 АМБ-100 Выведен из эксплуатации г. Заречный, Свердловская обл.  100 26.04.1964
№2 АМБ-200 Выведен из эксплуатации 200 29.12.1967
№3 БН-600 В эксплуатации 600 08.04.1980
№4 БН-800 Сооружается 800  
Билибинская АЭС №1 ЭГП-6 В эксплуатации г. Билибино, Чукотский АО  12 12.01.1974
№2 ЭГП-6 В эксплуатации 12 30.12.1974
№3 ЭГП-6 В эксплуатации 12 22.12.1975
№4 ЭГП-6 В эксплуатации 12 27.12.1976
Калининская АЭС №1 ВВЭР-1000 В эксплуатации г. Удомля,
Тверская обл. 
1000 09.05.1984
№2 ВВЭР-1000 В эксплуатации 1000 03.12.1986
№3 ВВЭР-1000 В эксплуатации 1000 16.12.2004
№4 ВВЭР-1000 В эксплуатации 1000 25.09.2012
Кольская АЭС №1 ВВЭР-440 В эксплуатации г. Полярные Зори, Мурманская обл.  440 29.06.1973
№2 ВВЭР-440 В эксплуатации 440 08.12.1974
№3 ВВЭР-440 В эксплуатации 440 24.03.1981
№4 ВВЭР-440 В эксплуатации 440 11.10.1984
Курская АЭС №1 РБМК-1000 В эксплуатации г. Курчатов, Курская обл.  1000 19.12.1976
№2 РБМК-1000 В эксплуатации 1000 28.01.1979
№3 РБМК-1000 В эксплуатации 1000 17.10.1983
№4 РБМК-1000 В эксплуатации 1000 02.12.1985
№5 РБМК-1000 Законсервирован 1000  
Ленинградская АЭС №1 РБМК-1000 В эксплуатации г. Сосновый Бор, Ленинградская обл.  1000 21.12.1973
№2 РБМК-1000 В эксплуатации 1000 11.07.1975
№3 РБМК-1000 В эксплуатации 1000 07.12.1979
№4 РБМК-1000 В эксплуатации 1000 09.02.1981
Ленинградская АЭС-2 №1 ВВЭР-1200 Сооружается г. Сосновый Бор, Ленинградская обл.  1200  
№2 ВВЭР-1200 Сооружается 1200  
Нововоронежская АЭС №1 ВВЭР-210 Выведен из эксплуатации г. Нововоронеж, Воронежская обл.  210 30.09.1964
№2 ВВЭР-365 Выведен из эксплуатации 365 27.12.1969
№3 ВВЭР-440 В эксплуатации 440 27.12.1971
№4 ВВЭР-440 В эксплуатации 440 28.12.1972
№5 ВВЭР-1000 В эксплуатации 1000 31.05.1980
Нововоронежская АЭС-2 №1 ВВЭР-1200 Сооружается г. Нововоронеж, Воронежская обл.  1200  
№2 ВВЭР-1200 Сооружается 1200  
Ростовская АЭС №1 ВВЭР-1000 В эксплуатации г. Волгодонск, Ростовская обл. 1000 30.03.2001
№2 ВВЭР-1000 В эксплуатации 1000 18.03.2010
№3 ВВЭР-1000 В эксплуатации 1000 06.10.2015
№4 ВВЭР-1000 Сооружается 1000  
Смоленская АЭС №1 РБМК-1000 В эксплуатации г. Десногорск, Смоленская обл.  1000 09.12.1982
№2 РБМК-1000 В эксплуатации 1000 31.05.1985
№3 РБМК-1000 В эксплуатации 1000 17.01.1990
Академик Ломоносов №1 КЛТ-40 Сооружается  г. Вилючинск, Камчатский край 35  
№2 КЛТ-40 Сооружается 35  

 

Список АЭС в мире (за исключением российских)

Страна Название АЭС Установленная мощность, МВт Область
Argentina Atucha 1 Nuclear Power Plant Argentina 357 Buenos Aires
Argentina Embalse Nuclear Power Plant Argentina 648 Cordoba
Armenia Armenia (Metsamor) Nuclaer Power Plant Armenia 376 Armavir
Belgium Doel (Electrabel) Nuclear Power Plant Belgium 2963 East Flanders
Belgium Tihange Nuclear Power Plant Belgium 3129 Liege
Brazil Angra Nuclear Power Plant Brazil 2007 Rio de Janeiro
Bulgaria Kozloduy Nuclear Power Plant Bulgaria 2000 Sofiya
Canada Point Lepreau Nuclear Power Plant Canada 680 New Brunswick
Canada Bruce Nuclear Power Plant Canada 3260 Ontario
Canada Darlington Nuclaer Power Plant Canada 3736 Ontario
Canada Pickering A Nuclear Power Plant Canada 2168 Ontario
Canada Pickering B Nuclear Power Plant Canada 2160 Ontario
Canada Gentilly Nuclear Power Plant Canada 675 Quebec
China China Experimental Fast Reactor (CEFR) 20 Beijing
China Ningde Nuclear Power Plant China 2160 Fujian
China Guangdong (Daya Bay) Nuclear Power Plant China 1968 Guangdong
China Lingao Nuclear Power Plant China 3980 Guangdong
China Tianwan Nuclear Power Station China 2000 Jiangsu
China Hongyanhe Nuclear Power Plant China 2160 Liaoning
China Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant China 4310 Zhejiang
Czech Republic Temelin Nuclear Power Plant Czech Republic 2026 Jihocesky
Czech Republic Dukovany Nuclear Power Plant Czech Republic 1760 Vysocina
Finland Loviisa Nuclear Power Plant Finland 976 Southern Finland
Finland Olkiluoto (TVO) Nuclear Power Plant Finland 1920 Western Finland
France Bugey Nuclear Power Plant France 3724 Ain
France Cruas Nuclear Power Plant France 3824 Ardèche
France Chooz Nuclear Power Plant France 3120 Ardennes
France Nogent Nuclear Power Plant France 2726 Aube
France Belleville Nuclear Power Plant France 2726 Cher
France Tricastin Nuclear Power Plant France 3820 Drôme
France Phenix Nuclear Power Plant France 250 Gard
France Blayais Nuclear Power Plant France 3640 Gironde
France Fessenheim Nuclear Power Plant France 1840 Haut-Rhin
France Saint-Alban Nuclear Power Plant France 2782 Isère
France Saint-Laurent Nuclear Power Plant France 1912 Loir-et-Cher
France Chinon Nuclear Power Plant France 3816 Loire
France Dampierre Nuclear Power Plant France 3864 Loiret
France Flamanville Nuclear Power Plant France 2764 Manche
France Cattenom Nuclear Power Plant France 5448 Moselle
France Gravelines Nuclear Power Plant France 5706 Pas-de-Calais
France Paluel Nuclear Power Plant France 5528 Seine-Maritime
France Penly Nuclear Power Plant France 2764 Seine-Maritime
France Golfech Nuclear Power Plant France 2726 Tarn-et-Garonne
France Civaux Nuclear Power Plant France 3122 Vienne
Germany Neckarwestheim Nuclear Power Plant Germany 2235 Baden-Wurttemberg
Germany Philippsburg Nuclear Power Plant Germany 2384 Baden-Wurttemberg
Germany Grafenrheinfeld Nuclear Power Plant Germany 1345 Bavaria
Germany Gundremmingen Nuclear Power Plant Germany 2688 Bavaria
Germany Isar Nuclear Power Plant Germany 2387 Bavaria
Germany Biblis Nuclear Power Plant Germany 2525 Hesse
Germany Emsland Nuclear Power Plant Germany 1400 Lower Saxony
Germany Grohnde Nuclear Power Plant Germany 1430 Lower Saxony
Germany Unterweser Nuclear Power Plant Germany 1410 Saxony
Germany Brokdorf Nuclear Power Plant Germany 1440 Schleswig-Holstein
Germany Brunsbuettel Nuclear Power Plant Germany 806 Schleswig-Holstein
Germany Kruemmel Nuclear Power Plant Germany 1316 Schleswig-Holstein
Hungary Paks Nuclear Power Plant Hungary 1866 Tolna
India Kakrapar Atomic Power Station India 440 Gujarat
India Kaiga Atomic Power Station India 880 Karnataka
India Tarapur Atomic Power Station India 1400 Maharashtra
India Rajasthan Atomic Power Station Rawatbhata India 1180 Rajasthan
India Kalpakkam (Madras) Atomic Power Station India 440 Tamil Nadu
India Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant (KNPP) India 2000 Tamil Nadu
India Narora Atomic Power Station India 440 Uttar Pradesh
Islamic Republic of Iran Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant Iran 1000 Bushehr
Japan Ikata Nuclear Power Station Japan 2022 Ehime
Japan Mihama Nuclear Power Plant Japan 1666 Fukui
Japan Ohi Nuclear Power Plant Japan 4710 Fukui
Japan Takahama Nuclear Power Plant Japan 3392 Fukui
Japan Tsuruga Nuclear Power Plant Japan 1417 Fukui
Japan Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Japan 4696 Fukushima
Japan Fukushima Daini Nuclear Power Plant Japan 4400 Fukushima
Japan Tomari Nuclear Power Plant Japan 1158 Hokkaido
Japan Tokai II Nuclear Power Plant Japan 1100 Ibaraki
Japan Shika Nuclear Power Plant Japan 1898 Ishikawa
Japan Sendai Nuclear Power Plant Japan 1780 Kagoshima
Japan Onagawa Nuclear Power Plant Japan 2174 Miyagi
Japan Kashiwazaki Kariwa Nuclear Power Plant Japan 8212 Niigata
Japan Genkai Nuclear Power Plant Japan 3478 Saga
Japan Shimane Nuclear Power Plant Japan 1280 Shimane
Japan Hamaoka-cho Nuclear Power Plant Japan 4997 Shizuoka
Lithuania Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant Lithuania 1300 Utena
Mexico Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant Mexico 1364 Veracruz
Netherlands Borssele Nuclear Power Plant Netherlands 515 Zeeland
Pakistan Chasnupp Nuclear Power Reactor Pakistan 650 Punjab
Pakistan Kanupp Nuclear Power Reactor Pakistan 137 Sindh
Republic of China Taiwan Lungmen Nuclear Power Plant Taiwan 2700 Taipei
Republic of China Taiwan Chinshan Nuclear Power Plant Taiwan 1272 Taiwan
Republic of China Taiwan Kuosheng Nuclear Power Plant Taiwan 1936 Taiwan
Republic of China Taiwan Maanshan Nuclear Power Plant Taiwan 1780 Taiwan
Republic of Korea Shin-Kori Nuclear Power Plant South Korea 2000 Busan
Republic of Korea Shin-Wolsong Nuclear Power Plant South Korea 1000 Gyeongsangbuk-do
Republic of Korea Ulchin Nuclear Power Plant Korea 6159 Gyeongsangbuk-do
Republic of Korea Wolsong Nuclear Power Plant Korea 2811 Gyeongsangbuk-do
Republic of Korea Kori Nuclear Power Plant Korea 3288 Gyeongsangnam-do
Republic of Korea Yonggwang Nuclear Power Plant South Korea 6000 Jeollabuk-do
Romania Cernavoda Nuclear Power Plant Romania 1412 Constanta
Slovakia Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant Slovakia 880 Nitra
Slovakia Bohunice Nuclear Power Plant Slovakia 880 Trnava
Slovenia Krsko Nuclear Power Reactor Slovenia 730 Krsko
South Africa SAFARI-1 Research Reactor South Africa 20 Gauteng
South Africa Koeberg Nuclear Power Plant South Africa 1888 Western Cape
Spain Santa Maria de Garona Nuclear Power Plant Spain 466 Castile and Leon
Spain Jose Cabrera ES-1 (Zorita) Nuclear Power Plant Spain (Shutdown)   Castile-La Mancha
Spain Trillo Nuclear Power Plant Spain 1066 Castile-La Mancha
Spain Asco Nuclear Power Plant Spain 2060 Catalonia
Spain Vandellos Nuclear Power Plant Spain 1087 Catalonia
Spain Almaraz Nuclear Power Plant Spain 2090 Extremadura
Spain Cofrentes Nuclear Power Plant Spain 1092 Valencia
Sweden Ringhals Nuclear Power Plant Sweden 3832 Halland
Sweden Oskarshamn Nuclear Power Plant Sweden 2307 Kalmar
Sweden Forsmark Nuclear Power Plant Sweden 3275 Uppsala
Switzerland Beznau Nuclear Power Plant Switzerland 760 Aargau
Switzerland Leibstadt Nuclear Power Plant Switzerland 1220 Aargau
Switzerland Muehlberg Nuclear Power Plant Switzerland 372 Bern
Switzerland Goesgen Nuclear Power Plant Switzerland 1020 Fribourg
Ukraine South Ukraine Nuclear Power Plant Ukraine 3000 Mykolayiv
Ukraine Khmelnitskiy Nuclear Power Plant Ukraine 2000 Rivne
Ukraine Rovno (Rivne) Nuclear Power Plant Ukraine 2835 Rivne
Ukraine Zaporozhye Nuclear Power Plant Ukraine 6000 Zaporizhzhya
United Kingdom Hartlepool Nuclear Power Plant United Kingdom 1310 Durham
United Kingdom Hunterston-B Nuclear Power Plant United Kingdom 1288 East Ayrshire
United Kingdom Torness Nuclear Power Plant United Kingdom 1364 East Lothian
United Kingdom Oldbury Nuclear Power Plant United Kingdom (Shutdown)   Gloucestershire
United Kingdom Dungeness A and B Nuclear Power Plant United Kingdom 1230 Kent
United Kingdom Heysham Nuclear Power Plant United Kingdom 2610 Lancashire
United Kingdom Hinkley Point B Nuclear Power Plant United Kingdom 1310 Somerset
United Kingdom Sizewell A Nuclear Power Plant UK (Shutdown)   Suffolk
United Kingdom Sizewell B Nuclear Power Plant United Kingdom 1250 Suffolk
United Kingdom Wylfa Nuclear Power Plant United Kingdom 1080 Swansea
United States of America Browns Ferry Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 3702 Alabama
United States of America Joseph M. Farley Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 1800 Alabama
United States of America Palo Verde Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 4174 Arizona
United States of America Arkansas Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 1920 Arkansas
United States of America Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 2300 California
United States of America San Onofre Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 2254 California
United States of America Millstone Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 2163 Connecticut
United States of America Hope Creek Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 1139 Delaware
United States of America Salem Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 2398 Delaware
United States of America Crystal River Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 890 Florida
United States of America Saint Lucie Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 1766 Florida
United States of America Turkey Point Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 1458 Florida
United States of America Edwin I. Hatch Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 1819 Georgia
United States of America Vogtle Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 2405 Georgia
United States of America Braidwood Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 2453 Illinois
United States of America Byron Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 2421 Illinois
United States of America Clinton Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 1098 Illinois
United States of America Dresden Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 1826 Illinois
United States of America LaSalle Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 2356 Illinois
United States of America Quad Cities Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 1826 Illinois
United States of America Duane Arnold Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 614 Iowa
United States of America Wolf Creek Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 1213 Kansas
United States of America River Bend Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 1036 Louisiana
United States of America Waterford Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 1200 Louisiana
United States of America Calvert Cliffs Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 1827 Maryland
United States of America Pilgrim Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 711 Massachusetts
United States of America Donald C. Cook Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 2210 Michigan
United States of America Palisades Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 842 Michigan
United States of America Monticello Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 600 Minnesota
United States of America Prairie Island Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 1110 Minnesota
United States of America Grand Gulf Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 1333 Mississippi
United States of America Callaway Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 1236 Missouri
United States of America Cooper Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 801 Nebraska
United States of America Fort Calhoun Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 512 Nebraska
United States of America Seabrook Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 1296 New Hampshire
United States of America Oyster Creek Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 652 New Jersey
United States of America Fitzpatrick Nuclear Power Plant USA 882 New York
United States of America Indian Point Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 2127 New York
United States of America Nine Mile Point Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 652 New York
United States of America R.E. Ginna Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 608 New York
United States of America Brunswick Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 1979 North Carolina
United States of America McGuire Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 2316 North Carolina
United States of America Shearon Harris Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 960 North Carolina
United States of America Davis-Besse Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 925 Ohio
United States of America Enrico Fermi Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 1154 Ohio
United States of America Perry Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 1303 Ohio
United States of America Beaver Valley Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 1856 Pennsylvania
United States of America Limerick Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 2388 Pennsylvania
United States of America Peach Bottom Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 2342 Pennsylvania
United States of America Susquehanna Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 2403 Pennsylvania
United States of America Three Mile Island I Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 837 Pennsylvania
United States of America Catawba Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 2376 South Carolina
United States of America H. B. Robinson Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 745 South Carolina
United States of America Oconee Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 2673 South Carolina
United States of America Virgil C. Summer Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 1003 South Carolina
United States of America Sequoyah Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 2442 Tennessee
United States of America Watts Bar Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 1202 Tennessee
United States of America Comanche Peak Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 2378 Texas
United States of America South Texas Project Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 2708 Texas
United States of America Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 650 Vermont
United States of America North Anna Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 1931 Virginia
United States of America Surry Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 1696 Virginia
United States of America Columbia Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 1200 Washington
United States of America Kewaunee Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 581 Wisconsin
United States of America Point Beach Nuclear Power Plant United States of America 1086 Wisconsin

 



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